Basic knowledge of how to read hockey statistics is something every hockey fan should know. This will help you when arguing over what player or team is better, reading standings, it can help those of you with fantasy hockey teams, and will help all of you when reading other articles on this website. I hope you find this guild helpful. Study these because in the future there will be a trivia game that will include reading stats in our Game section that will challenge your knowledge.

+/- (Plus/Minus) Shows how many goals scored for (plus) and against (minus) a team while an individual has been on the ice. The difference between the two in that player’s plus/minus rating. +/- is not recorded for goaltenders.

A (Assists) The player or players who touch the puck prior to the goal (passing to the goal scorer), provided no defender plays or possesses the puck in between. A maximum of two players can be accredited on each goal.

AVG (Average Time per Shift) The average time a player in on the ice each time they leave the bench and come back.

ATOI (Average Time on Ice per Game) The average amount of time the player spent on the ice in the games he played (total time on ice divided by games played).

TOI (Time on Ice) Total time on ice.

BS (Blocked Shots) Accredited to a player besides the goaltender that gets in the way of a shot on their team’s net.

GS (Games Started) The number of games the goaltender has started.

MIN (Minutes on Ice) Total Number of minutes the goaltender has been on the ice.

EV (Even Strength) Five on five; both teams have five players plus both teams’ goalies on the ice.

FL (Face-offs Lost) and FW (Face-offs Won)A face-off occurs at the beginning of every period and after any play stoppage. The referee drops the puck on a face-off dot and the two opposing centers battle for the puck to get it back to one of his or her teammates. To win a face-off, the center’s teammate must gain possession of the puck.

F% (Face-off Win Percentage) The percentage of face-off wins to losses.

G (Goal) When a puck crosses the goal line into the net.

GA (Goals Against) Number of goals scored against the goaltender. Empty net goals and goals scored during a shootout do not count towards a goaltender’s goals against.

SV (Saves) Number of shots on goal the goaltender has saved.

SVPCT or SV% (Save Percentage) A goaltenders success based on the number of shots he faces. The Formula: Divide the number saves made by the number of shots on goal. Work it out to 3 decimal places. Do not count empty net goals or shootout goals.

GAA (Goals Against Average) This is the number of goals allowed per 60 minutes played, rounded to two decimal points. The Formula: multiply the number of goals allowed by 60 and divide by the total number of minutes played. Do not count empty net goals or shootout goals.

S or SOG(Shots on Goal) If a player shoots the puck with the intention of scoring and if that shot would have gone in the net had the goaltender not stopped it, the shot is recorded as a shot on goal.

GF (Goals For) Number of goals the team has scored

GP (Games Played) Number of games the team has played

PCT or SPCT (Shooting Percentage) Divide the number of goals scored by the number of shots taken.

GR (Games Remaining) Games remaining in the season left to be played.

GV (Giveaways) When a player with the puck accidentally gives it to an opposing player causing a turnover.

GWG (Game Winning Goal) After the final score has been determined, the goal which leaves the winning team one goal ahead of its opponent is the game-winning goal. Goals scored during a shootout are not credited as game-winning goals.

GTG (Game-Tying Goals) Number of game-tying (that is, the last goal scored in a tie game) goals the player has scored.

ENG (Empty Net Goals) Number of goals scored on an empty net.

HT or Hit (Hits Given) When a player forces an opposing player to lose the puck through physical contact. a hit only counts if it causes a turnover or makes opposing player lose control of the puck.

OT (Overtime) When a team wins during an overtime period after the game is tied during regulation.

PIM (Penalties in Minutes) The amount of penalty minutes a player has accumulated throughout the season.

PK (Penalty Kill) The period from which a team becomes short-handed due to one or more penalties until they are at full or even strength with the opposing team. Also refers to the defensive activity during such a period.

PK% (Penalty Killing Percentage) Calculated by subtracting power play goals against from power play opportunities against, then dividing by power play opportunities against.

PP% (Power Play Percentage) Calculated by dividing power play goals by power play opportunities.

PPA (Power Play Goals Against) Measures the total number of goals a team gives up when the opposing team is on the power play. The lower this number the better as it means the teams penalty kill is more effective at preventing goals when short handed.

PPO (Power Play Opportunities)

PPOA (Power Play Opportunities Against)

PGA (Power Play Goals On-Ice Against) The total number of power play goals scored against a player’s team while he was on the ice.

PGF (Power Play Goals On-Ice for) The total number of power play goals scored by a player’s team while he was on the ice.

PPG (Power Play Goals) Number of goals the player has scored while his team was on the power play.

PPA (Power Play Assists) Number of goals the player has assisted in while his team was on the power play.

SA (Shots Against)

PTS (Points) The point for players calculated by adding goals to assists; for teams and goalies, calculated by adding two times wins to ties plus overtime/shootout losses.

PTS% (Points Percentage) The point percentage for teams and goalies, calculated by dividing points by maximum possible points.

SH (Short-Handed Goals) Number of goals the player has scored while his team was short-handed.

SHA (Short-Handed Assists) Number of goals the player has assisted in while his team was shorthanded.

SHF (Number of Shifts)

P/G (Average Points Scored per Game)

SO (Shutout) Number of games the team held the opposition scoreless.

STK (Streak) Winning or losing streak

TK (Takeaways) A form of turnover in which the player takes the puck from the opposition, rather than gaining possession through opposition error.

ROW or WWAS (Regulation Plus Overtime Wins or Wins Without a Shootout)

OL (Overtime/Shootout Losses)

C (Center)

LW (Left Wing)

RW (Right Wing)

D (Defense)

G (Goaltender)

W (Wins) Games the team has won, either in regulation or in overtime

L (Losses) Games the team has lost in regulation

I hope this overview has helped you a basic grasp how to read hockey statistics and standings, and I hope you will continue following Hockey 101 to learn more about the sport.